In this section you can buy the Engine Parts for Lada Niva 1600.
Theengine is the most important of car systems. Without an engine there is no movement, and therefore there is no car. By analogy with the structure of man, the engine is the heart of the car. In accordance with the purpose of the engine is a source of mechanical energy necessary for driving a car. In order to obtain mechanical energy, a different type of energy is converted into a car engine (energy of combustion of fuel, electrical energy, etc.). The source of energy should be directly on the car and periodically replenished. The transmission of mechanical energy from the engine to the drive wheels is carried out through the transmission. Constructive integration of the engine and transmission is the well-known name of the power plant. In this section you can purchase pistons, crankshaft, camshaft, connecting rods, valves.
Thepiston is the most characteristic part of an internal combustion engine, since it is with its help that the thermodynamic process of the engine is realized. The conditions in which the piston operates are extreme and are characterized by high pressure, temperature and inertial loads. Therefore, pistons on modern engines are made of lightweight, durable and heat-resistant material - aluminum alloy, less often of steel. Pistons are made in two ways - by injection molding or stamping, the so-called. forged pistons.
Thecrankshaft is one of the most responsible and expensive structural elements of an internal combustion engine. It converts the reciprocating motion of the pistons into torque. The crankshaft perceives periodic variable loads from the pressure forces of the gases, as well as the inertial forces of the moving and rotating masses. The crankshaft of the engine, as a rule, is a solid structural element, therefore it is correct to call it a part. The shaft is made of steel by forging or cast iron by casting. On diesel and turbocharged engines more durable steel crankshafts are installed.
The camshaft in the gas distribution mechanism provides for the implementation of the main function - the timely opening and closing of valves, due to which fresh air is drawn in and exhaust gases are released. In general, the camshaft controls the gas exchange process in the engine. To reduce inertial loads and increase the rigidity of the gas distribution mechanism elements, the camshaft should be located as close as possible to the valves. Therefore, the standard position of the camshaft on a modern engine in the cylinder head - the so-called. upper camshaft location. The gas distribution mechanism uses one or two camshafts per cylinder bank. In the single-shaft design, inlet and exhaust valves (two valves per cylinder) are serviced. In the two-shaft gas distribution mechanism, one shaft discusses intake valves, the other one - exhaust (two intake valves and two exhaust valves per cylinder).
Theconnecting rod forms an important link between the piston and the crankshaft, transforming the translational movement of the former into the rotational movement of the latter. In the engine, the connecting rod is subjected to significant variable loads, varying from tension to compression. Therefore, it must be durable, tough and light. Connecting rods are made of steel by casting or hot stamping. On sports cars can be installed connecting rods made of titanium alloy. The design of the connecting rod varies depending on the type of engine and its layout. The length of the connecting rod largely determines the height of the engine. The connecting rod is conventionally divided into three parts: a rod, a piston and a crank head.
The valves directly supply air to the cylinders (fuel / air mixture) and exhaust gases. The valve consists of a plate and a rod. On modern engines, the valves are located in the cylinder head, and the point of contact of the valve with it is called the seat. There are intake and exhaust valves. For better filling of cylinders, the diameter of the inlet valve plate is usually larger than the outlet.
Our portal has a wide range of such products. We suggest you to buy engine parts on the LADA Niva 1600. Order quality accessories from well-known manufacturers right now to unlock the full potential of your car.